Parental Child Abduction / Parental Kidnapping

Federal Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act Discussion Kidnapping by parents encompasses the taking, retention or concealment of a child by a parent, other family member, or their agent, in derogation of the custody rights, including visitation rights, of another parent or family member. Because of the harmful effects on children, parental kidnapping has been characterized as …

2013 | ATTEMPTED KIDNAPPING

ATTEMPTED KIDNAPPING BY STEVEN PENALOZA Approximately a week or two before the divorce from Defendant Malik in May of 2013, Plaintiff was contacted by an ex-boyfriend and Co-Defendant Steven Penaloza through Facebook. Plaintiff had explained to Defendant Penaloza what had occurred and he asked to visit to see the kids. Defendant Penaloza asked if it …